A KPMG REPORT titled: ‘Nigerian Family Business Barometer contains insights from family businesses across Nigeria and draws comparisons and conclusions between the Nigerian, African and European family business community. A common factor in the document is the finding that: ‘’The future of the family members maintaining the independent nature of the family business and the preservation of family unity depends on the growth of the family business and its capacity to generate sufficient profit for all its members.’’ Two very interesting issues arise in this account and they are: (i) Ownership and operational patterns of family businesses and (ii) collapse of several thriving family businesses after the death of their owners.
What is a family business? According to a publication by Conway Centre for Family Business, ‘’a family business is a commercial organization in which decision-making is influenced by multiple generations of a family, related by blood or marriage or adoption, who has both the ability to influence the vision of the business and the willingness to use this ability to pursue distinctive goals. Record shows that there are 5.5 million family businesses in the United States. It is to be noted that this definition is silent on gender, apparently because of the advancements and modernization recorded in that society.
SITUATION IN DEVELOPED ECONOMIES: Those who built family businesses and whose names still ring a bell after decades of passing on include John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, Henry Ford and Thomas Edison. Studies indicate that family businesses account for 64 percent of United States gross domestic product, generate 62 percent of the country’s employment, and account for 78 percent of all new job creation. Family-owned businesses are the backbone of the American economy. (Family Business Facts – Conway Center for Family Business) Examples of family businesses are: Cargill, noted as the largest private corporation in the United States; WalMart, Facebook, Oracle, Samsung, Volkswagen, and Koch Industries.
ENCOURAGING STORIES FROM NIGERIA: According to Forbes, the revenue of Koch Industries in 2017 was US$100 billion. Bill Gates, the world’s richest man and the current highest giver to any charity cause in the world, and his wife Melinda are positioning their children Jennifer, Rory and Phoebe to inherit their business empire not too long from now. The Nigerian equivalent is Aliko Dangote, the richest black man in the world, who is also positioning his daughters – Halima, Mariya, and Fatima to succeed him in his business empire. I think Aliko Dangote deserves a lot of appreciation from Nigerian women for this unusual disposition to developing his daughters in the developing world, that still discriminates against women.
CHANGE OF GUARDS: The foregoing is why Aliko Dangote has been requested to step forward for recognition. Those wonderful deeds have the capacity of changing attitudes of several people who are not favourably disposed to according their female children that type of recognition and encouragement. Femi Otedola too has greatly encouraged his daughters such that Ifeoluwa Otedola – ‘’DJ Cuppy’’ at age Under-30 years already has a Foundation to cater for the needy. Femi & Nana Otedola have been requested to show up to say how they have successfully gotten their girls to succeed in life; in spite of the ‘silver spoon’. Mike Adenuga is also subtly withdrawing for Bella Adenuga-Disu. These young people are all practicing how to step into those big shoes of their fathers. This succession agenda commenced with the likes of Otunba Olasubomi Balogun withdrawing from their businesses to plant their sons and daughters in positions of successors. The Ibrus have also followed suit. It is very common in the legal profession in which people like Wole Olanipekun, SAN; manage same chambers with their children who will eventually take over.
DISCRIMINATION: Some decades, the popular practice was the registration of companies as Oni & Sons Ltd, Omole & Sons Ltd; Ajanaku Danaija & Sons Ltd; Odutola Brothers Ltd, and the likes. There has never been a company registered as Father & Daughters Ltd. One cannot specifically say what influenced those decisions, aside inheritance preferences promoted on account of the fact that female children would sooner or later be ‘’carried away’’ by one unknown man. It is sure that nobody dares complete that type of registration that amounts to discrimination these days of human rights and gender equality. Women too have found a way round the matter by hyphenating their names by including their fathers’ names before those of their husbands, to create identity and show that they at least belong. And nobody can take that away from the female gender.
FAILURE: Research indicates that failure of family businesses is a universal matter. In the United States, Family Business Institute has it on record that only about 30 percent of family-owned businesses survive into the second generation. Twelve percent are still viable into the third generation, and only about three percent of all family businesses operate into the fourth generation or beyond. That is a society where man and woman are equal and discrimination is not permitted. But it is more pronounced in the developing world as a result of failure to adhere strictly by stipulated regulations and other reforms required to keep family businesses afloat Several family businesses in Nigeria have, accordingly, collapsed after the death of their owners.
ALHAJI ALHASSAN DANTATA & SONS Ltd: DESERVES A CASE STUDY: A PricewaterhouseCoopers Survey Report published in the GLOBE MAIL tabloid points out that family businesses may be afflicted by poor succession planning, lack of trusted advisers, family conflicts, different visions between generations, unprepared next generation leaders, and poor strategic and governance structure. But a Nigerian family business that has proved all odds wrong in the Alhassan Dantata & Sons Ltd, that has survived in the Nigerian business circles for decades, and is still waxing strong as a family business. The owner (now deceased) appeared on the scene and commenced with the distribution of European goods as a business man. He also dealt in groundnuts and kola nuts. He was a supplier to large British trading companies and also did business in Gold Coast (now Ghana) Born in 1877, Alhassan Dantata lived for 78 glorious years, packed full of numerous successes in the business world.
Alhassan Dantata managed a vast business empire and emerged the wealthiest man in West Africa. That was the same time that the Nigerian Stock Exchange had as its first President, Sir Phillipe Loius Odumegwu Ojukwu, believed to be the first millionaire in Nigeria, who also paid particular attention to the education of his children; and Sir Mobolaji Bank-Anthony, also a great philanthropist and sympathizer of humanity, who succeeded Sir Ojukwu as the second President of the Nigerian Stock Exchange. An exporter and importer with strong business acumen, Alhassan widened his trade to include trading in beads, necklaces, European cloth, and trade goods. Such was his influence and wealth that he had the means to go on Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca by boat in the 1920s.
From Saudi Arabia, Alhassan Dantata moved over to England and was presented to King George V, the then king of the United Kingdom, the British Dominions; and Emperor of India. At old age, he directed his children to ensure that his business would never die. And Alhassan Dantata extracted that commitment. That was his final wish and his offspring have ensured the legacy lives on, and has even expanded tremendously 65 years after his death. It is interesting to assert that there is special gene running in the veins of those managing Alhassan Dantata & Sons Ltd
Today, Alhassan Dantata & Sons has become an octopus, with businesses dotting the landscape of Nigeria’s economy. Dantata & Sons is involved in trade in diverse sectors including manufacturing, building and road construction, transportation, petroleum exportation, real estate, agriculture and other areas. If genetic factors play roles in running businesses, Aliko Dangote, a grandchild of Alhaji Alhassan Dantata might have inherited from his grandfather, a dose of the spectacular business acumen of this great Nigerian.
POSITIVE VALUES: Leading operators of the legacy — DANTATA organization is Alhaji (Dr) Aminu Dantata OFR , with businesses said to be worth billions of naira. Aminu Dantata is a philanthropist and goal-getter, with interests in oil and gas; and is also one of the pillars and promoters of KANO FOUNDATION. Under his leadership, Dantata & Sons Organization has become a multinational, with business interests in some West African nations. He joined the business early after his early education and by 1955 had gained immense knowledge about the vast business empire that earned him promotion to Sokoto District Manager of Alhassan Dantata & Sons. He was appointed to the board of the Nigerian Industrial Development Bank in 1964, after which he served as Kano State Commissioner for Economic Development, Trade and Industry from 1968-1973.
Our research on this monumental feat is ongoing, as it has the potency of teaching positive values to others involved in managing family businesses after the death of their owners. We certainly will learn some lessons from the successes recorded by this family business, that is marching on in the business world. Alhaji Alhassan Dantata was indeed a family man who loved his children and family members with passion. He was a ROLE MODEL.
WHY WE MUST EMBRACE FAMILY VALUES:
- If the correct statistics are taken, it would be revealed that only a fraction of parents pay particular attention to the development of their children.
- Additionally, only a few organizations with parental responsibilities, like institutions of learning, religious bodies, civil society and philanthropists pay adequate attention to youth development.
- Government itself that has the duty of creating an enabling environment must do more for the society to develop fully.
- There must be changes in the attitudes of all about family values that largely dictate how a society develops and this is where the private sector comes in. The concerns are, but are not limited to the following:
- The civil society and civil society organizations including the media that shape opinions must take active part in forcing policy formulators and those who implement policies to sustain the mission and vision of the society/organization, the recipe lies in following the established procedures laid out for management for attainment of results.
IMPORTANCE OF CAMPAIGN TO SOCIETAL DEVELOPMENT
- It is the responsibility of couples/parents/spouses; organizations with parental responsibilities & Government to anticipate and prevent occurrences that derail family units.
- It is better for a damage not to occur at all, than to go into crises management.
- The reactive approach is more costly in terms of damages done, more expensive in terms of finances injected, and takes a longer while for the crises to be combated successfully.
- Creating personal interest in the welfare of the target audience in the society would go a long way in solidifying relationships, and eventually promote societal growth
OUR ONGOING CAMPAIGN:
- We are convinced that Nigerians generally, including citizens in all strata of the society, particularly family units, need to be mobilized for development.
- Sensitize and educate the target audience on family values and responsibilities
- A new attitude and a new orientation are required for sustainable growth and development.
- We believe that every reasonable person must be socially responsible. Therefore, the society must collaborate to curtail criminal and social vices.
Details at: www.couplesofvituesandvalues.com,