Home Opinions THE PRESIDENT AS THE PIVOT OF EXECUTIVE AUTHORITY & PRESIDENT JF KENNEDY’S...

THE PRESIDENT AS THE PIVOT OF EXECUTIVE AUTHORITY & PRESIDENT JF KENNEDY’S ADMONITION ON PEACE

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One dominant feature of the extant constitution is its presidential character. In a presidential system, the office of the president or state governor is the pivot of the executive functions of the state. It is on the president or governor that the whole spectrum of executive power shall be rested. Under the constitution, the executive powers of the Federation shall be vested in the president and be exercised by him either directly or through the vice-president and ministers of the government of the federation; or officers in the public service of the federation. The powers of the president shall also extend to the and maintenance of the constitution and all laws made by the National Assembly; and all matters with respect to which the National Assembly has the power to make laws. Similar executive powers are rested in State Governors. The constitution recognizes the Executive grandeur of the presidency. It declares that the President shall be the Head of State, the Chief Executive of the Federation and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Force of the Federation. In the famous works President Roosevelt of America, one of the greatest American Presidents, the President in our type of Constitution is a steward of the people. He could do anything that the needs of the nation demanded unless such action is forbidden by the laws or the constitution. In essence, the president is the pivot of executive authority and all those who exercise executive power within the state derive their powers from him; at least within the areas of his executive competence. (Ben Nwabueze) PARAMOUNT EXECUTIVE AUTHORITY: In his or her capacity as the paramount executive authority, the president or governor is invested with the authority to appoint the vice-president generally known as the running mate. The Vice-President or Deputy Governor is automatically confirmed if the president/governor wins the election. Apart from choosing his deputy, the president en-panels his executive council, which comprises his ministers,  chosen personally by him and at his own discretion. He could choose his ministers from anywhere and not just from parliament alone, like in the parliamentary system. If he chooses a minister/commissioner from the legislature, such a minister/commissioner must resign his membership of such legislature would be deemed to have resigned his membership if appointed a minister. But the president/governor must satisfy the provisions of the constitution by appointing at least one Hon. Minister from each State of the…

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