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In line with our mandate that promotes discourse on contemporary issues, in particular, socio-economic and political development of Nigeria and the Third World, we publish the concluding part of a lecture on National Security delivered by an expert in security matters and political scientist, Prof. Tunde Adeniran, a former Federal Minister of Education   Major Schools of Thought on Strategic Thinking In the field of strategy, schools of thought cannot be discussed in absolute categories. In international Relations, one could conveniently talk about “realism”, “idealism”, “behaviouralism”, etc. , Here, we are confronted with, a stream of thoughts deriving’ from historical’ circumstances, personal ‘experiences of warriors and Generals,’ and the variable perspectives, of military historians and the conceptualization of strategy analysts. Generally, however, some definable categories could be identified as representing significant modes of thought in the sphere of strategic thinking. Within such a broad framework, we could talk of a ClausewitzianSchool which sees “the battle” as the object of strategy, with strategy’ at the same time forming or being the plan of a war. This implies that apart from focusing on the destruction of the enemy’s military force, propaganda, espionage” diplomacy and .subversion are viable weapons. Traditional and neo-traditional conceptions of strategy buttress such thought processes. There is’ the group of classical Cold War strategists which, Significantly, sees war beyond the theatre of conflict and its associated factors but would insist that wars are best prevented through adequate preparation for war. To this group, potent means at the disposal of a nation (military economic, political, technological, socio-cultural) are to be deployed toward the attainment of desired goals without recourse to war. Focus is largely on’ the psyche of would be aggressors or the leadership of adversary states who are sufficiently inflicted with fears as to abandon thoughts of ‘war or resistance without being fired at! There is the general tendency to ignore some schools of thought during the last century, especially post World War II and focus on nuclear strategists. There are two that are, however, worthy of note. In the tradition of Hannibal Hamilcar Barea (he was indeed a great strategist in spite of his defeat at the battle of Zama by Scipio Africanus in 205 BC due to poetical circumstances), mobility, tactical skills and maneuverability were built upon by Adolf Hitler in making his blitzkrieg contribution to the art war. The speed, fire power, dynamism and tactical manoeuvers…

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