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Authored by: Femi Adelegan & Published by Terrific Investment & Consulting

Date of Presentation: TUESDAY APRIL 10, 2018


Reflecting on how the world would look like without information-sharing activities could point in only one direction – unimaginable total and uncontrollable chaos. Purveyors and managers of information are greatly challenged by the need to provide information and feedback that are required for achieving goals and objectives. Information management is an activity that has proven to be very challenging and delicate. Even dictatorial and totalitarian regimes have been known to employ the services of official spokespersons to manage the flow of information and  make propaganda. Information is one of the hardest of tasks. In all societies and corporate organizations, information is required at all levels to be able to promote understanding, foster relationships and attain targets and objectives. The citizen’s rights to know how they are governed in a democracy and the right of shareholders in an organization to demand accountability and transparency have combined to put those engaged in Governance on their toes. This is one of the reasons for the maxim: ‘’Information is power.’’

Going forward, the responsibility thrust on the information manager in modern times is so important that it is considered a responsibility that is loaded with a considerable measure of high expectations. The task of managing or processing information is a goal that must be accorded due attention in view of technological advancements and the increasing awareness of people all over the world about how their affairs are managed, governance procedures, and good governance. It is to be noted that good governance is a very strong factor, and is indeed the most important of the critical determinants of the realization of goals and objectives in management. The image manager is a key functionary of a government or corporate organization. Over time, exigencies have popularized the position and upgraded the status of the image handler in government and corporate bodies, which have come to appreciate the need and value of that image handler whose responsibility is to constantly guide the organization in the management and flow of information, particularly information-sharing within and outside their areas of influence, as well as reflecting their principals, and by extension, organizations they serve positively in the public eye through the mass media. These professionals are known as image managers, press secretaries, public relations officers, reputation managers, employee relations officers, corporate social responsibility officers and so on, depending on the type of professional services they handle.

The practical and theoretical experiences garnered over time in my disposition as a bureaucrat, media, and public relations practitioner have all combined to nudge me to author this compilation that is basically about the flow of information in societies, governments, and corporate organizations. Greater emphasis is, however, placed on information management in the sphere of democratic governance, as a result of its importance as the nerve of whatever successes could accrue to any society. Information management and the ascendancy of the image manager in the governmental scheme of things in Nigeria is a relatively recent phenomenon; even though this processional has ever been part of the executive branch of government as far back as records go. Under the parliamentary system of government, which Nigeria operated from the colonial period up to the 15th January 1966, when the prime minister was from the elected government of Nigeria, the prime minister and the regional premiers, together with their ministers were, with a few exceptions, elected members of their respective legislatures. They were directly answerable to the public thought their elected representatives in parliament on the activities of the government. The prime minister’s Question time in parliament was particularly productive in terms of the right constituents to know what the government was doing by way of questions raised through their representatives.


Similarly, the new agenda of shared commitments, states emphatically that the UN ‘’envisages a world that collaborates to build peaceful, just and inclusive societies that provide equal access to justice and that are based on respect for human rights (including the right to development), on effective rule of law and good governance at all levels and on transparent, effective and accountable institutions. Factors which give rise to violence, insecurity and injustice, such as inequality, corruption, poor governance and illicit financial and arms flows, are addressed in the agenda. We must redouble our efforts to resolve or prevent conflict and to support post-conflict countries, including through ensuring that women have a role in peace-building and state-building.’’ Highlights of the SDGs indicate that the UN recognizes the power of information. By 2020, the global community is expected to have substantially expanded the number of scholarships available to developing countries, in particular, least developed countries, small island developing states and African countries, for enrolment in higher education, including vocational training and information and communications technology, technical, engineering and scientific programmes, in developed countries and other developing countries The new goals and targets came into effect on 1st January, 2016, and will help to guide policies and programmes, and governance procedures of UN Member-nations,  globally till Year 2030. (United Nations Document prepared by United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs)

The UN Resolution on SDGs further highlighted the fact that ‘’Natural resource depletion and adverse impacts of environmental degradation, including desertification, drought, land degradation, freshwater scarcity, and loss of biodiversity, add to and exacerbate the list of challenges which humanity faces. ‘’Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time and its adverse impacts undermine the ability of all countries to achieve sustainable development. Increases in global temperature, sea level rise, ocean acidification and other climate change impacts are seriously affecting coastal areas and low-lying coastal countries, including many least developed countries and small island developing states. The survival of many societies, and of the biological support systems of the planet, is at risk.’’ Furthermore, the leaders noted that ‘’It is a time of immense opportunity. ‘’Significant progress has been made in meeting many development challenges. Within the past generation, hundreds of millions of people have emerged from extreme poverty. Access to education has greatly increased for both boys and girls. ‘’The spread of information and communications technology and global interconnectedness, has great potential to accelerate human progress, to bridge the digital divide and to develop knowledge societies, as does scientific and technological innovation across areas as diverse as medicine and energy.’’


This book: ‘’Techniques of Information Management in Governance’’ by Femi Adelegan, a highly experienced and talented professional, treats exhaustively, patterns and techniques of managing information, that is sine-qua-non, for human survival. The compilation highlights the relevance of information to inclusive pace and pattern of growth, which are considered interlinked, and therefore, need to be addressed together, as critical factors for achieving a high, sustainable growth required in societies and organizations. The author did not stop at making assertions. He has matched his postulations with appropriate suggestions of policies and actions that would enable organizations function well in information management. His theoretical and practical postulations, also enable readers understand better, the importance of a well-managed and coordinated information flow to the success of those engaged in governance, in both the public and private sectors.

I commend Femi Adelegan, an author of books on various aspects of ‘Governance’ for generating literature on this critical area of human activity. It is evident that the author has been able to write very authoritatively on this important subject as he does, given his background, as well as the author’s acquisition of a rich blend of knowledge and maturity in top sensitive positions in which he has served over the last three decades.  I recommend ‘Techniques of Information Management in Governance’ for reading by all who wish to know more about the intricate and sensitive art of information-sharing and management, and particularly to all media practitioners, students of various courses in Communications, Public Policy, Management and International Relations, for the understanding of the highly critical issues pertaining to the salient issues treated in this book.

Senator David A.B. Mark, GCON
President of the Senate (2007-2015)
Federal Republic of Nigeria


PROLOGUE: This publication comes as a worthy addition to the corpus of knowledge by a veteran information manager, administrator, strategic planner, and publicist, whose technocratic instincts kept him on ‘’corridors of power’’ for several years. The author’s broad analyses of the pattern of information flow in both the public and private sectors, as well as the techniques available for managing information and communication in the establishment and the society would most certainly enrich the knowledge of the professional, while also enabling those engaged in managing organizations in top positions to recognize the power of information and its usage for the attainment of societal and organizational agenda. I recommend this highly educative and informative publication for use in institutions of learning, and for reading by all those who wish to understand the intricacies involved in information management in governance, and the techniques recommended for managing and deploying information for public consumption and governance procedures.

Dr. Yemi Farounbi, OON
Former Ambassador of Nigeria to the Republic of Philippines, and the Kingdom of Cambodia


PREFACE: The new book presents a refreshing treatise on administrative challenges in governance and management of information, which the author asserts are mostly created by differences in personalities, and desires of the people, arising from different socio-cultural setting, beliefs, traditions, customs and norms. Information managers are expected to be vast in understanding the variance in human behaviour and work out a synergy for common ground in the communication process. The author then goes ahead to highlight the role that leaders are expected to play in service delivery and transformation of the society, noting that the conduct of public office holders must not only be transparent but accountable. Undoubtedly, Femi Adelegan, an author of notable publications on governance procedures has brought his knowledge of governance to bear as someone who served as a technocrat and information manager in five different governments at vantage positions as a key participant in the intricate art of governance. The author’s long walk on the corridors of power has surely enabled him to write authoritatively on political leadership and performance in democratic settings. I, therefore, recommend this piece of literature as resource material for students, teachers, information managers, media practitioners and those placed in strategic positions as managers of human resources, for fresh and illuminating ideas on techniques of information management in governance, and some aspects of governance procedures and public administration.

Prof. Dayo Alao,
President/Vice Chancellor
Adeleke University,
Ede, Osun State



This compilation, USEFUL GUIDES FOR FOREIGN TRAVELS, PORTS/BORDER POSTS & IMMIGRATION MATTERS, is a good resource material for training institutions and members of staff of agencies whose roles are treated in this book, including the Federal Ministry of Interior and its parastatals; particularly The Nigeria Immigration Service. The Nigeria Custom Service that is under the supervision of the Federal Ministry of Finance; Federal Ministry of Transportation and its parastatals, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and its Missions, the Nigeria Police Force, the National Intelligence Agency, Nigerian Security & Civil Defence Corps, the National Drugs Law Enforcement Agency and other agencies of the Federal Government stationed at border posts. Additionally, Protocol Departments of State Governments and other bodies in the private sector responsible for liaising with Agencies operating at border posts, and private sector operators in general will also find this publication useful. Others are: NAFDAC, Standards Organization of Nigeria, and institutions in the financial services sector. The compilation is also spiced with very useful information like addresses and contact details of Foreign Missions in Nigeria and Nigeria’s Missions abroad.

Indeed, this publication could not have come at a better time than now, when the whole world is united about the need for good governance, and combatting terror; issues that have compelled nations to continue to tighten their immigration policies, and at a period when the federal government of Nigeria is introducing a new border control and immigration system to ease operations at the nation’s border posts, coupled with the introduction of a multi bio-metric system that is capable of generating a database of travellers and users of the ports. This book is ‘’A Must Read’’ for all who wish to be guided on how to have smooth passages at border posts in Nigeria and abroad, attaining the objective of doing business with ease in Nigeria, and for Nigerians to conduct themselves in an orderly manner while on visits abroad.

Ambassador Joe C. Keshi, OON
Retired Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Nigeria & Vice-Chairman, United Bank for Africa Plc



Please note that you are not being scared from attempting to file an application for any form of documentation for border post activities, the issuance of an entry visa into any nation of your choice, or proper documentation of commercial activities at the ports. Even while conducting your transactions, including clearing your goods at the ports, please engage in very clean transactions. Additionally, it is worth the troubles if an applicant makes a thorough enquiry about the nation to be visited, and weighs the plans to be made to travel, and the reasons to be pleaded in the application to be made. It is in the interest of all applicants to ensure that only genuine documents are presented by them for consideration of their applications at Embassies/High Commissions of foreign countries, at which their applications are to be considered. The issue of travelling as a status symbol should be actively discouraged. It is important for an intending traveller to consider carefully, the reasons that warrant an intended trip abroad. In most cases, visa issuing countries will require from intending travellers, ability to provide proof to finance the trip, or be sponsored on the trip by a relevant sponsor, so that the traveller does not constitute himself/herself into a liability in the country to be visited. The requirements vary, and these are clearly stipulated in the documents provided by foreign Missions. These are contained on the websites of foreign Missions. The penalty for the presentation of forged documents varies. It could constitute a criminal action as in forging documents for financial and commercial transactions at the ports.  For visa applications, it could, in some cases be up to a ten-year ban imposed for perjury and presentation of forged documents, as in the case of the United Kingdom, or even outright ban. Penal code varies from one nation to another.

It is most advisable for entry visa applicants and users of border posts to be as honest as possible with the presentation of supporting documents for the evaluation of their documentations. Uniform personnel, particularly immigration officials have enormous discretionary powers. Immigration officials have the right to turn a visitor back or prevent an intending visitor from travelling out if there are convincing reasons that the trip might not be in national interest. In the case of entry visas, please note that Nigeria’s foreign missions exist, partly to render services to nationals who visit, or are resident in foreign countries covered by the Nigerian Embassy/High Commission. Therefore, long term visitors are advised to register their stay with Nigeria’s missions abroad. Then, learn to live within the bounds of the laws of those countries. Please note that by adhering to immigration regulations of foreign countries, you would be saving over 170 million Nigerians, and even generations yet unborn from potential embarrassment, since one single dirty act by a Nigerian attracts opprobrium for Nigeria and Nigerians generally.



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