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CELEBRATING AFRICAN HEROES & PAN AFRICANISTS JULIUS NYERERE: LOATHED FOREIGN AID & CANVASSED FOR SELF RELIANCE

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CELEBRATING AFRICAN HEROES & PAN AFRICANISTS JULIUS NYERERE: LOATHED FOREIGN AID & CANVASSED FOR SELF RELIANCE Fondly and widely called ”Nwalimu” which translates into ”the teacher”, Nyerere led Tanzania, (formerly Tangayika) for 23 years, from 1962–1985. JuliusNyerere’scommitment to non-interference in the governance of Tanzania could be viewedfrom the prism of his uncompromising stance, combined with a brilliant mind, as reflectedin his thoughts and writings.Nyerere was one of the founding fathersof the Organization of African Unity, that was later renamed African Union. Such was his passion and commitment to the development of Africa that Julius Nyerere devoted his time after quitting public office to travelling all over the world to champion the cause of Africa. And Nyerere travelled more widely after retiring, than he did when he was president of Tanzania. During his trips, he met various heads of government as an advocate for poor countries. Julius Kambarage Nyerere was born in 1922, and emerged one of Africa’s most respected politicians, whose principled stance and brilliance won him accolades as a statesman who was committed to the ideals of Pan Africanism and believed so much in leading by example. By 1963, there were 31 independent nations. Some were agitating forimmediate continental political union, while others favoured slower steps towards unity.Pa-Africanists who had caught the bug across the world met periodically tochampion the cause of the black race and support to the new wave of independencemovements in the Frontline States of Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe and South Africa. Nyerere was one of them. Nwalimuleft indelible marks on the sands of time as a brilliant idealist, whose political style tilted towards socialism. He was fortunate to have been able to beeducated in the United Kingdom relatively early in his memorable journey through the world by the Roman Catholic Church. He got a scholarship to study history and political economy for his Master of Arts degree at the University of Edinburgh. Nyerere made history as the first Tanzanian to study at a British university, and the second to gain a university degree outside Africa. He developed liking for socialism during his university education, and emerged major force in reorganizing TANU along socialism ideals in 1954. POLITICAL BELIEFS His political career was very inspiring as he moved rapidly up the ladder.In 1960, Nyerere became the chief minister, from which hebecame the premier, when Tanganyika became independent in1961.He was made president of Tanzania in 1962. Nyerere…

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