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75 YEARS OF THE UNITED NATIONS CHARTER —- The journey so far & surviving the hard times … by Femi Adelegan

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The history of the United Nations is that of a mixed grill of successes, hardships, and failures. It should be naturally expected that such a cosmopolitan and multilateral institution would face extreme adversity particularly with regard to socio-political and economic matters of global importance that the body has to examine periodically. It is even more difficult given the fact that in most situations, except at the Security Council, Member-nations must agree by consensus, going by the rules that are administered under the guidance of the bureaucrats headed by the UN Secretary-General. And its affairs must be conducted dispassionately. Then consider the diversity and its likely impact on running the organization. The UN conducts its debates in Arabic, English, French, Russian, Chinese and Spanish as its six official languages. Delegates speaking in any of these languages will have their words simultaneously interpreted into all of the others, and attendees are provided with headphones through which they can hear the interpretations. SUPPORT OF HOST COMMUNITY: The UN in its early years enjoyed what may be called the unalloyed support of host President Franklin Delano Roosevelt who has been described as the architect of the world body, as well as his successor, President Harry S. Truman, the 33rd President of the United States described by Kofi Annan as the builder of the United Nations owing to the massive encouraging support the multilateral organization secured from the two presidents. FD Roosevelt made history as the first, and last, president to win more than two consecutive US presidential elections and was in office for four terms. His successor, President Harry S. Truman gave the United Nations the full support of the United States because he believed in the organization and its objectives. Some people have rated Truman as the most courageous president in U.S history. He popularized and fixed the phrase: ‘’The Buck Stops here’’ on his desk in the Oval Office. He is quoted as stating in his 1953 farewell address that: ”The President — whoever he is — has to decide. ”He can’t pass the buck to anybody. ‘’No one else can do the deciding for him. He is also on record as asserting that ‘’The President is always abused. ‘’If he isn’t, he isn’t doing anything’’ Truman’s enviable support for the UN’s objectives of solidarity and cooperation is reflected in one of his memorable quotes:  ‘’You know that being an American is…

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